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Why Should I Have My Treatment at Laura Dental Center?

Our clinic and personnel have been successfully providing high-quality treatments with a guaranteed and sustainable format to our patients from abroad for over 20 years. It will be a privilege for you to benefit from this experience.

I Want to Have My Dental Treatment Done at Laura Dental Center. What Should I Do for This?

You can contact our clinic’s patient relations unit from the contact information section of our clinic, through applications such as WhatsApp, Viber, from social media accounts or by phone. Our representatives have the knowledge, experience and equipment to meet all your needs.

In Which Hotel Will I Stay? How Will My Transfers be Done?

We would like to say that you are very lucky in this regard. In a city like Antalya, which is the capital of tourism, you have countless opportunities for hotel accommodation. For detailed information about all your transfer and accommodation details, please contact our patient relations representative.

I Have Checked-In to the Hotel, How Do I Come to Laura Dental Center for My Treatment?

First of all, welcome to Antalya and Laura Dental Center. From now on you are our guest. We will help you as much as we can to perform your treatments in the best way and to ensure you have a pleasant holiday. After checking in to your hotel, our clinic personnel will pick you up from your hotel at the appointed time. When you come to our clinic, your treatment process will be decided after our dentists examine your situation in detail. At this stage, we will inform you about the net amount you will pay and detailed information about the days you will have to come to our clinic. Our clinic follows a very transparent policy in this regard. The treatments to be applied to the patient, the materials to be used and the payments to be made by the patient to our clinic will be determined and a contract will be prepared in a way that will secure both our clinic and our patient. One copy of this contract, which will be signed mutually, will be kept in our clinic and the other copy will be given to our patient.

How Can I Make the Payment?

Our payment methods are divided into patients whose treatment we will complete in a single visit to Antalya and patients who need to visit Antalya more than once. In treatment types that can be completed in a single visit, such as smile makeover, etc., the fees for the treatments are paid in two stages. Half of the fee is paid at the beginning of the treatment session, and the other half at the penultimate session. For treatments that require more than one visit, such as implant, tooth extraction, bone meal reinforcement, etc., only the payment of the part of treatment that is done will be charged for each visit. You can make your payment in cash in euros, dollars or pounds. If you want to make it by credit card, the exchange rate between your currency and Turkish lira will be calculated over the current exchange rate of the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey and will be collected in Turkish lira.

What are the Warranty Conditions Regarding My Treatment?

This is an issue that we, as Laura Dental Center, carefully consider. While giving you a high-quality and sustainable treatment, we also attach great importance to warranty conditions in order to protect you. In the documents that will be given to you when you first come to our clinic, there will be all the details of the warranty terms, validity years, and the items that are within the scope of the warranty and not. The guarantee certificates of the implant and the crown bridges to be made will be shared with you in a very transparent and clear way. Again, at the first moment you come to our clinic, you will be presented with a plan including your medical history and all the treatments to be performed, and a copy will be given to you while a copy will be recorded in our clinic.

Implant

Will I Suffer from Edentation After The First Implant Surgery?

After an average of 1 week from the surgery, the sutures are removed and the normalization process begins. After conditions such as swelling, oedema, and stitches in the mouth, if the surgeon approves, temporary prostheses are applied to patients who have no teeth. Temporary bridges can also be made in patients with 1 or 2 missing teeth. These are only for similar activities like speaking, laughing to continue in a healthy way. Solid foods are not suitable for consumption. Temporary prostheses are used for a temporary period until the union of the implants is completed and fixed dental prostheses are made.

How Long Does It Take to Complete These Processes? How Many Times Do I Have to Come to Turkey? What Kind of Treatment Will Be Done on My First and Second Visits?

For an experienced surgeon, the average application time of 1 implant is 15-20 minutes. Afterwards, there are waiting periods required for the continuation of the treatment. The implants are expected to union with the bone in an average of 3 months in the upper jaw and 2 months in the lower jaw, and coatings are applied on them. If additional procedures are applied because of thin or insufficient bone (bone grafting, sinus lifting, etc.), the waiting period may be extended up to 6 months. The different metabolic diseases that vary from patient to patient may cause changes in these periods too.

What is the Lifetime and Warranty Coverage of These Implants?

When the terms of use of the implants are followed, the average life cycle in a well-cared mouth is lifetime. Although the warranty period varies between clinics, the average said period is lifetime. In this process, clinics may change implants free of charge with 1 or 2% probability. If the high-quality implant used, an experienced surgeon performed the procedure, and the conditions of planting the appropriate implant to the right bone at the right angle are met, it is almost impossible to experience any negativity. However, you should make sure that you comply with the terms of use and warranty coverage specified at the beginning of the treatment. In addition, when you have an implant, do not forget to take the implant passport with the warranty certificate, serial number and diameter aspect ratios of the implant.

Is It Common for Implants to Break and Fall Out?

Implant dental treatment is artificial tooth roots placed in the jawbone in order to complete the missing tooth in one or more tooth losses. It is produced from Titanium material, which has been used for many years, and it is fully compatible with the body (biocompatible) and tissue-friendly. The bonding and durability of titanium to bone is very good. After the implant is placed, it fuses with the jawbone and becomes a part of the body and can be used for a lifetime. In this process, it is very important to follow the rules set by your surgeon for the treatment process and after. If the high-quality implant used, an experienced surgeon performed the procedure, and the conditions of planting the appropriate implant to the right bone at the right angle are met, it is almost impossible to experience any negativity.

What are the Crowning Alternatives Used on the Implant?

As well as the quality and durability of dental implants, the usefulness of the teeth to be placed on them, their compatibility with the implants and of course the aesthetic appearance are also very important. Metal-supported porcelain veneers are generally preferred for implant tops. This is due to durability, flexibility and compatibility. However, zirconium crown can also be preferred as an on-implant crowning in the anterior area. The fact that the abutment to be used in such cases is also made of zirconium completes the aesthetic appearance. In addition, removable prosthesis methods on implants can be preferred in patients who suffer complete edentation. These situations are applied in cases where patients prefer methods that performed by applying fewer implants to the upper and lower jaws due to various reasons (financial situation, bone deficiency, disease, etc.).

How Many Implants Do I Need?

You may need a minimum of one and a maximum of 16 implants. After your x-ray is examined, the exact number will be decided by our specialit dentists.

Which Brands are Used?

We are using Straumann, Zinedent, Medentika, Ankylos.

Is There any Chance of My Body Rejecting the Implant Treatment? What is the Success Rate?

The success rates of the implants we use are 98% and above.

What is Bone Graft/Sinus Lifting? What Will I Do If I Need It? What if My Bone is Inefficient?

Bone grafting is the process of bone meal reinforcement to the jawbone. With the sinus lifting process, bone meal is supplemented to ensure that the entire implant is inside the jawbone. This prevents the implant from planting into the sinus cavity. In some cases, short implants suitable for bone length can be used with the recommendation of the dentist.

Can the Implant Treatment be Done After Tooth Extraction?

If there is no infection in the extraction area and the bone level is sufficient, tooth extraction and implant can be performed in the same session. If there is an infection in the extraction area, it may be necessary to wait around 2 months to implant after tooth extraction.

I Was Told That I Need Sinus Lifting, What is Sinus Lifting?

It is the process of adding bone meal to the cavity formed by positioning the sinus area that drops down to where it should be. After this process, the mentioned area will be ready for implantation.

Why Should I Have the Implant Treatment in Turkey?

We offer affordable solutions without compromising the quality of materials or the expertise of Dentists and Oral Surgeons. Both Straumann and Sirona command high prices across the UK, Europe and the USA and are often seen as unaffordable. in Laura Dental Center not only you get better prices but you also get better materials.

Zirconium/Metal Crowning

What is Zirconium?

It is a tissue-friendly white ceramic alloy used instead of grey metal as the infrastructure of classical porcelain bridges and crowning. Zirconium is often preferred in dentistry for a more aesthetic smile. It offers a more natural and realistic appearance compared to metal-supported porcelain veneers. It is the closest treatment alternative to natural teeth with its light transmittance and durability. It is also called zirconium crown, zirconium tooth.

Where is Zirconium Crown Used?

  • For aesthetic purposes,
  • In advanced colouration that cannot be treated with methods such as dental bleaching,
  • In the treatment of hereditary structure discolouration,
  • In treatments of discrete or less crooked and turned teeth such as diastema where orthodontic treatment is not preferred,
  • In restorations of old filled and discoloured teeth with excessive substance loss,
  • As a bridge or veneer on posterior teeth,
  • For regulate anterior group implant prosthetics and smile aesthetics.

What are the Advantages of Zirconium Teeth in Terms of Aesthetics?

Thanks to its light transmittance feature, the image of natural teeth is fully done. The enamel of healthy teeth transmits light completely. Metals, which are the substructures of classical porcelain veneers, create an opaque appearance on the teeth. This causes the teeth to look lifeless and artificial. This is prevented with zirconium.

How is Zirconium Crown Used in Smile Makeover?

When smiling, the level of the gingiva and their symmetrical appearance are as important as the appearance of the teeth. At this point, it may be necessary to intervene in the gingiva, preferably with a laser. The relationship between factors such as lip level, length of teeth, gingival level, tooth colour, tooth alignment, the harmony of lips and teeth when we laugh, and the laugh line have great importance in aesthetic smile makeover. Spectacular aesthetic results are obtained with zirconium veneers and smile makeover.

How Much Substance Will be Lost in My Teeth During the Procedure?

The substance loss is the same as metal-supported porcelain veneers. It is trimmed 1 or 2 mm from your normal tooth surface. Trimming operations are performed under local anaesthesia, and then a temporary tooth-coloured crown is applied to prevent tingling in hot and cold temperatures. A slight tingling is seen in very few of the patients, and the treatment is completed without any problems in general.

How Long Does This Treatment Take?

In patients with healthy gingiva, it is completed within 1 week and in a total of 3 sessions. According to the patients, a few more rehearsals can be performed until both the dentist and the patient are satisfied.

What is the Life Cycle and Warranty Coverage of These Treatments?

When the usage conditions of zirconium veneers are followed, the average life cycle in a well-cared mouth varies between 15 or 20 years. At the end of this period, the veneers do not deteriorate, but anatomically become incompatible due to old age and gingival recession. When the veneers need to be changed, any damages on the underlying teeth are repaired and the veneers are renewed in accordance with the existing gingiva. Although the warranty period varies between clinics, the average given time is 5 years. In this process, the clinics change the crowning free of charge in case of problems experienced in the crowning. Be sure to comply with the terms of use and warranty coverage specified at the beginning of the treatment.

Is It Common for the Zirconium Crown to Break or Fall Off?

Fractures and cracking may occur in reverse and excessive force, but this probability is the same with solid tooth. It can be repaired to a large extent in the clinics. If the tooth under the veneer starts to decay over time and loss of material occurs, it may fall out. In such cases, the tooth is treated if possible and the veneer is adhered again.

E-Max® Crown/ Laura® Hollywood White/ Celtra® Duo

What is E-Max® Crown/ Laura® Hollywood White/ Celtra® Duo?

E-max® is an application technique called empress porcelain. Treatment with aesthetic concern is produced from a long-lasting ceramic applied to the front of the teeth. Discolouration, broken and cracked anterior teeth creates a bad image. This makes the person uncomfortable. E-max® veneer is the most aesthetic veneer method made by trimming the tooth without damaging the tooth.

Where is E-Max® Crown/ Laura® Hollywood White/ Celtra® Duo Used?

It can be used mostly for aesthetic purposes, in advanced colouration that cannot be achieved with methods such as dental bleaching, and in hereditary structural disorders. The biggest advantage of this application is that metal is not used. It is especially used for patients who are allergic to metal. In addition, E-max® porcelain is recommended for visual purposes. No metal is used during the application. An artificial image may occur due to the materials used in other crowning methods. The structure of E-max® porcelain is transparent and has a colour very close to natural. Compared to metal-containing crowning, the surface of E-max® porcelain is protected against stain and plaque formation. Technology is assisted at every stage, from the measurement process to the shape of the tooth. It requires delicate work. For this application, many criteria such as biting position and the condition of other teeth should be evaluated by a specialist dentist.

What are the Advantages of E-Max® Crown/ Laura® Hollywood White/ Celtra® Duo in Aesthetic Purposes?

Thanks to its high light transmittance and transparency feature, the image of natural teeth is fully made. The enamel of healthy teeth transmits light completely. Metals, which are the substructures of classical porcelain veneers, create an opaque appearance on the teeth. This causes the teeth to look lifeless and artificial. With E-max®, this has been prevented. In addition, E-max® veneers are applied to each tooth one by one.

How E-Max® Crown/ Laura® Hollywood White/ Celtra® Duo is Used in Smile Makeover?

When smiling, the level of the gingiva and their symmetrical appearance are as important as the appearance of the teeth. At this point, it may be necessary to intervene in the gingiva, preferably with a laser. The relationship between factors such as lip level, length of teeth, gingival level, tooth colour, tooth alignment, the harmony of lips and teeth when we laugh, and the laugh line have great importance in aesthetic smile makeover. Spectacular aesthetic results are obtained with E-max® crowning and smile makeover.

How Much Substance Will be Lost in My Teeth During the Treatment?

The substance loss is the same as metal-supported porcelain veneers. It is trimmed 1 or 2 mm from your normal tooth surface. Trimming operations are performed under local anaesthesia, and then a temporary tooth-coloured crowning is applied to prevent tingling in hot and cold temperatures. A slight tingling is seen in very few of the patients, and the process is completed without any problems.

How Long Does This Treatment Take?

In patients with healthy gingiva, it is completed within 1 week and in a total of 3 sessions. According to the patients, a few more rehearsals can be done until both the dentist and the patient are satisfied.

What is the Life Cycle and Warranty Coverage of These Treatments?

When the usage conditions of E-max® crowning are followed, the average life cycle in a well-cared mouth varies between 10 or 15 years. At the end of this period, the E-max® crowning do not deteriorate, but anatomically become incompatible due to old age and gingival recession. When the E-max® crowning need to be changed, any damages on the underlying teeth are repaired and the E-max® crowning are renewed in accordance with the existing gingiva. Although the warranty period varies between clinics, the average given time is 5 years. In this process, the clinics change the E-max® crowning free of charge in case of problems experienced in the E-max® crowning. Be sure to comply with the terms of use and warranty coverage specified at the beginning of the treatment.

Is It Common for the E-max® Crowning to Break or Fall Off?

Fractures and cracking may occur in reverse and excessive force, but this probability is the same with solid tooth. It can be repaired to a large extent in the clinics. If the tooth under the crowning starts to decay over time and loss of material occurs, it may fall out. In such cases, the tooth is treated if possible and the veneer is adhered again.

Laminate/Lumineer

What is Laminate Tooth Treatment?

It is the treatment in which only the front surfaces of the teeth are thinned by 0.3 or 0.7 mm without trimming, and the loss of healthy tooth tissue is the least. This is the treatment of bonding porcelain dental laminates to the thinned area. It is also known as porcelain laminate, laminate, leaf porcelain tooth. It requires a very specific laboratory and elaborare.

In Which Situations are Laminate Teeth Used?

Situations where the tooth length is shortened and the enamel is eroded is a good indication for porcelain laminates (leaf porcelain). Cracked and broken enamels are covered by leaf porcelain, giving the most natural tooth appearance due to its high-quality of light transmittance. Teeth that have been bleached become discoloured over time from tea, coffee and cigarettes and need dental bleaching again. Patients who want permanent whiteness may prefer porcelain laminate teeth. Porcelain laminates can be applied to patients whose teeth are not aligned, who do not prefer orthodontics, or who have not got enough time to be treated with braces. Leaf porcelain is often used in the treatment of split teeth to close the spaces between the teeth. In addition, it may be a suitable choice for patients who avoid having their teeth trimmed too much.

What are the Aesthetic Advantages of Laminate/Lumineer Teeth?

Since 0.3 or 0.7mm trimming will be done, the teeth do not need to be trimmed too much. It can be done with porcelain laminate to have the aesthetic features you want (such as colour, shape, form) without deteriorating the natural structure of your teeth. Porcelain surfaces are smooth, so it minimizes staining and tartar formation caused by smoking and similar reasons. It does not change colour with external factors such as coffee, tea, cigarettes. It is quite fragile in material. However, when fully bonded to enamel, its resistance to tensile forces becomes very high. They are produced from colorcast and durable materials. It has high resistance to abrasion.

How are Laminate Treatment Used in Smile Makeover?

When smiling, the level of the gingiva and their symmetrical appearance are as important as the appearance of the teeth. At this point, it may be necessary to intervene in the gingiva, preferably with a laser. The relationship between factors such as lip level, length of teeth, gingival level, tooth colour, tooth alignment, the harmony of lips and teeth when we laugh, and the laugh line have great importance in aesthetic smile makeover. Spectacular aesthetic results are obtained with laminate teeth and smile makeover.

How Much Substance Will be Lost in My Teeth During the Treatment?

Since a minimal trimming of 0.3 or 0.7 mm will be made on the front and side surfaces of the teeth, the teeth do not need to be trimmed too much. This is an important difference compared to other aesthetic crowning. However, it may not be appropriate to apply laminate for every mouth.

How Long Does This Treatment Take?

In patients with healthy gingiva, it is completed within 1 week and in a total of 2 or 3 sessions. According to the patients, a few more rehearsals can be done until both the dentist and the patient are satisfied.

What is the Life Cycle and Warranty Coverage of These Treatments?

When the usage conditions of laminate teeth are followed, the average life cycle in a well-cared mouth varies between 10 or 15 years. At the end of this period, the laminate does not deteriorate, but anatomically become incompatible due to old age and gingival recession. When the laminate needs to be changed, any damages on the underlying teeth are repaired and the laminate teeth are renewed in accordance with the existing gingiva. Although the warranty period varies between clinics, the average given time is 5 years. In this process, the clinics change the laminate free of charge in case of problems experienced in the laminate teeth. Be sure to comply with the terms of use and warranty coverage specified at the beginning of the treatment.

Is It Common for Laminate Teeth to Break or Fall Out?

Fractures and cracking may occur in reverse and excessive force, but this probability is the same with solid tooth. If the dentist acts in accordance with the technical sensitivity in the treatment, you can use your laminate teeth as your own teeth.

Smile Makeover

What is Smile Makeover?

It is the evaluation of the smile that includes detailed aesthetic analysis, in which the relationship between a number of aesthetic criteria such as lips, gingiva and teeth.

What are the Most Important Factors in Smile Makeover?

The relationship between factors such as lip level, length of teeth, gingival level, tooth colour, tooth alignment, the harmony of lips and teeth when we laugh, and the laugh line have great importance in aesthetic smile makeover.

How is Smile Makeover Done?

In smile makeover treatment, the aesthetics of the area formed by the teeth (white aesthetics) and the aesthetics of the area formed by the gingiva (pink aesthetics) are evaluated. For this purpose, first of all, the level of the gingiva and which teeth will be included to the makeover should be evaluated on the photograph. Afterwards, the teeth-gingival-bone levels of the teeth are examined clinically and radiographically. Then the treatment plan is clarified.

What are the Laser Applications in Smile Makeover?

When smiling, the level of the gingiva and their symmetrical appearance are as important as the appearance of the teeth. At this point, it is necessary to intervene in the gingiva, preferably with a laser. If only the intervention on the gingiva is sufficient, the procedure can be performed with a diode laser. But if a more advanced arrangement is required, a solid tissue or combined laser device is required. Solid tissue lasers are also more preferred for post-treatment comfort.

Do I Have to Have My Teeth Trimmed and Veneered?

It is not always necessary to trim and veneer for smile makeover. Generally, your aesthetic expectations can be met with easier and more protective methods such as composite laminates, bonding, recontouring or dental bleaching.

In How Many Sessions is Smile Makeover Done?

The number of sessions may vary depending on the treatments to be performed according to the current condition of the patient. The treatment can sometimes be completed in a single session and sometimes in a few weeks.

Periodontal Treatments

What is Calculus and Why Should it be Removed?

In cases where the bacterial plaque cannot be removed from the tooth surface, tartar formation can be seen on the tooth surface. It is formed as a result of the hardening of the initially soft plaque with the precipitation of minerals in the saliva. Scaling is not a process that damages the teeth. The main damage to the teeth is tartar, and if they are not cleaned, they cause gingiva diseases up to tooth loss. Losses that begin with gingival recession continue with the melting of the jawbone. All the foods and beverages we consume leave various residues on our teeth. These residues harden on the surface of the tooth over time and form a layer. These residues, which accumulate between the tooth and the gingiva, harden over time and cause the appearance of lime-like stone formations. Tartar can cause gingival recession depending on the structure of the mouth, and advanced gingival recession can be observed if it is not removed. It is very important to have the scaling process done regularly once in 6 months in order to protect you from bigger problems.

What is Curettage?

Subgingival curettage or root surface treatment is the process of removing plaque, tartar and other factors that cause disease under the gingiva. It is normal to have bleeding in the gingiva during the treatment. During these treatments, local anaesthesia can be applied if necessary. To eliminate the sensitivity that may occur after the treatment, a medicine can be applied to the teeth, loose teeth can be attached to each other with white filling material, curettage can be applied with the help of ultrasonic devices or curettes. If necessary, antibiotics, painkillers (analgesic/anti-inflammatory) drugs and mouthwashes can be prescribed before and after the treatment. In order for the applied treatments to be successful, oral care must be done regularly. If good oral care is not provided, the treatments to be applied are unlikely to be successful. Your systemic diseases may adversely affect the results of periodontal treatment. Tissue response to treatment and speed of recovery may vary.

What is Flap Surgery?

The main purpose of the flap surgery is to eliminate or minimize the pockets formed in the gingiva as much as possible. To access the pockets, a flap-like incision (from which the English word means flap) is made in the gingival tissue. Diseased tissues are removed through this incision, so that the roots of the teeth are exposed for a thorough cleaning. After removing plaque, tartar and similar unwanted layer formation, the flap is closed and the area is sealed. Then, the healing process, which will take place quickly, is started. Another purpose of the flap surgery is to restore the periodontal ligaments and bone tissue lost due to inflammation. To achieve this goal, it is treated with biomaterials such as bone meal (bone grafts) and membranes. Of course, it would be beneficial to work with a periodontologist who is an expert in the field to determine whether the patient is suitable for this type of advanced treatment. These approaches can restore the gingiva to their normal form and function, as well as help create healthier and safer dental protection. Another frequently asked question about the flap surgery is how long the post-operative recovery period lasts. Although it is a short-term and simple procedure, it is recommended that patients rest for at least 1 day after flap surgery, as it is an operation. However, after the flap surgery, the patient will need a period of 10 or 12 days to fully recover.

What is Gingivectomy?

If your gingiva looks too much when you smile, you can have a smile called a ‘gummy smile’. Even if your tooth size is normal, if the gingiva covering the tooth is excessive, it will make the length of your tooth look short, thus causing a low and uneven gingival level. The gummy smile is not a dangerous situation and is much more common than you might think. However, patients often decide on gingivectomy because it hurts their self-confidence and feel uncomfortable. Gingivectomy is the surgical removal of gingiva tissue. Gingivoplasty is the shaping of healthy gum tissues around the teeth.

Root Canal Treatment

What is Root Canal Treatment?

Inside the root of the tooth, there is a vascular-nerve package that feeds the tooth, popularly known as the ‘tooth’s nerve’. In case this tissue is damaged and/or inflamed due to untreated caries, the process of removing the tissue, shaping and cleaning the root canal, and then filling the canal with fillers is called root canal treatment. Infected nerves in the canals of the tooth that occurred as a result of cracks and fractures in the teeth, caries in the teeth, wrong treatment processes, and the loss of vitality of the nerves and veins in the tooth as a result of incorrect restorations should be cleaned. This is possible with root canal treatment.

What are the Signs That a Tooth Needs Root Canal Treatment?

  • Hot cold sensitivity in your teeth,
  • Pain that wakes you up, especially at night
  • Pain while eating,
  • Colour change in your teeth as a result of the death of the nerves,
  • Swelling on your face as a result of abscess,
  • In some cases, it is understood that treatment is required in radiological examinations without any symptoms.

You can make an appointment with Laura Dental Center for a free dental check-up.

When is Root Canal Treatment Required?

  • In caries that have progressed to the nerve of the tooth,
  • In cases where fractures involving the nerve of the tooth occur as a result of trauma,
  • In cases where the tooth loses its vitality as a result of excessive force on the tooth as a result of orthodontic treatment,
  • In advanced gingiva diseases,
  • In loses of the sensitivity caused by advanced abrasion on the teeth,
  • In high fillings or prostheses.

How is Root Canal Treatment Done?

First, it is ensured that you do not feel any pain during treatment with the anaesthesia. The decay is cleaned or the broken part is removed and the nerves of the tooth are reached. The nerves and tissues at the root of the tooth are cleaned. The root canal is shaped up to the root tip. Depending on the condition of the tooth, it can be treated in a single session or in treatments that last several sessions. In between sessions, medical dressing is done with drugs that will heal the root and root tip. At the end of the root canal treatment, the canal is filled up to the root tip with special filling materials.

How Long Does Root Canal Treatment Take?

Depending on the condition of the tooth, root canal treatment can be done in one or two sessions. For an infected tooth, several sessions may be required to ensure that the infection is completely eliminated. An uncomplicated root canal treatment is usually completed in a single session.

Does Root Canal Treated Tooth Hurt?

During root canal treatment, the nerves of the tooth are removed, so a tooth that has had root canal treatment is not affected by external stimuli. After the treatment, there may be slight pain or sensitivity in chewing for the first few weeks because the tooth needs time to heal like every tissue in our body.

What Should be Considered During the Root Canal Treatment?

Nothing should be eaten or drunk until the effect of the anaesthesia wears off. During the treatment, solid foods such as nuts and similar sticky foods such as chewing gum should be avoided in the area of the treated tooth. Most tooth fractures are seen between sessions. Care should be taken that the temporary filling does not fall between treatment sessions.

How is the Restoration of the Tooth Done After Root Canal Treatment?

If the root canal treated tooth is one of the anterior teeth or there is a small amount of material loss, the tooth can be reconstructed with a filling. However, a crown is usually needed on the posterior teeth. Some teeth need a substructure to be supported before a crown is made. This infrastructure is called ‘core’. ‘Post’ is also used to keep this infrastructure in place. A part of the filling material in the root canals should be removed and a place for the post should be prepared. As a result of root canal treatment, the tooth becomes more fragile as it loses its vitality. Since there is a lot of material loss in the root canal treated teeth and they become more fragile, it should be preferred to crown the teeth after the treatment.

What is Retreatment?

The success rate of root canal treatments performed under sterile conditions is between 90 or 95%. If there is uncleaned nerve tissue left during treatment, the occurrence of perforation or fractures during treatment, infiltration of microorganisms into the canal due to insufficient filling and top filling of the canal, the root canal treatment is considered as failure. We can understand an unsuccessful root canal treatment by the symptoms of pain in the teeth, spontaneous pain, swelling and redness at the root tip. Unsuccessful root canal treatment is renewed and the treatment is repeated. If this procedure is insufficient, apicoectomy is applied, the root tip is surgically reached, the infection is cleared and closed. If the root canal treatment is repeated and surgical intervention is insufficient, extraction of the tooth should be considered.

What is Apicoectomy?

Apicoectomy is the surgical removal of the inflamed part of the root of the tooth in the bone. Apicoectomy performed in cases where;

  • In cases where cysts occur in the root of the tooth,
  • Incomplete root canal treatment due to structural or deformity of the tooth root,
  • Inability to perform root canal treatment due to the presence of an unremovable restoration on the tooth,
  • In cases where the tool is broken during root canal treatment, and must be removed,
  • In cases where the patient’s pain persists despite the root canal treatment,
  • In cases where the 1/3 point of the root is broken in the bone.

Apicoectomy surgery is an operation that takes about 30 minutes with local anaesthesia. A small incision is made in the gingiva, the infected tissue is reached, the area is cleaned, and then closed with stitches. Once these are done, the infection will heal and allow time for new bone tissue to form.

Filling

What is Filling?

The process of removing the damaged tissues from the tooth which has lost its structural integrity and function due to decay or abrasion, and regaining its function and appearance is called ‘filling’, and the material used is called ‘filling material’. This treatment method, which has been applied since the early days of dentistry, offers patients a treatment option that meets long-term and aesthetic expectations with the effect of developing technology on the materials used.

How Can Be Known if a Tooth is Decayed or Not?

There are several ways to tell if you have caries. Visual inspection is one of these methods. Caries appear black or brown and those on the chewing surface can be detected visually. However, it is not possible to detect the caries starting from the interface of the teeth visually. Radiographic controls may be required if this caries that cannot be seen from the surface. In some cases, special dyes can be used for caries detection. Restoring rotten, cracked, broken or abrasion teeth with filling is important for chewing function and aesthetics.

How is the Filling Done?

Anaesthesia is not required in initial caries. However, it is necessary to apply anaesthesia for cleaning deeper caries, both for the comfort of the patient and for the dentist to work more comfortably. The important thing is to provide painless and comfortable treatment to the patient. Dental caries are cleaned under air and water cooling with diamond and steel-tipped burs attached to instruments rotating at high speeds. Then, the tooth is filled and shaped again with appropriate filling materials.

What is the Difference Between White Fillings and Metal Fillings?

​Amalgam (grey) fillings have been used for many years. However, its use is not preferred today because the mercury in its content is toxic and causes fractures by leaning on the tooth in the long term, especially in large restorations. The use of composite (white) fillings is not that old. However, with the advancing technology, aesthetic and robust fillings have been obtained, which are almost the same as dental tissues with their physical properties and are quite good compared to amalgam fillings.

In Which Cases Does the Filling Need to be Renewed?

  • If you chew hard with a tooth with a large filling, the tooth holding the filling or the filling itself may break. In this case, it is necessary to replace the filling.
  • During the filling, saliva entering between the tooth and the filling material may prevent the filling material and the tooth from sticking together and the filling may fall.
  • Cracks may occur when biting and chewing, or fillings may break due to clenching and grinding.
  • If the side walls of the filling are not compatible with the tooth, caries, discolouration or sensitivity may occur due to leakage. Fillings that have been in the mouth for a long time can also cause leakage.
  • Due to insufficient oral hygiene, secondary caries may occur, in which case the existing filling and caries should be removed and a new filling should be made.

Does the Filled Tooth Hurt?

Sensitivity may occur after filling. The tooth may be sensitive to pressure, air, sweet foods or heat. Often this sensitivity subsides within a week or two. Try to stay away from things that cause sensitivity during this time. If you have hypersensitivity that does not decrease within two weeks, you should contact your dentist. Explaining your sensitivity fully will help your dentist decide what to do next. It is possible to reshape the filling or replace it with a new one. At the same time, the dentist may put a tooth desensitizing medicine under the filling. However, if the filling is deep, root canal treatment may be required to solve the problem.

Will the Filled Tooth Decay Again?

Fillings are made to replace the lost tooth tissue after the tooth caries are completely cleaned, but they are not caries-preventing. In the presence of inadequate oral hygiene, the filled tooth may caries again.

What is Aesthetic Filling?

The aesthetic filling material is composite. It is malleable, hardened by halogen light and chemically bonded to the tooth. Today, the aim is that the applied dental treatments are both visually and functionally satisfactory. For this reason, the main goal is that the fillings are in the form of natural teeth in terms of shape and colour, the boundaries of the filling are not clear, and the person cannot distinguish the filling from his own tooth. It is used especially in broken tooth restorations in the front area, solving aesthetic problems and colour mismatches. With routine oral care, deformation does not occur in aesthetic fillings, and there will be no gap or leakage in the fillings. In your controls between 6 months and 1 year, your aesthetic fillings are taken care of, their polishes are renewed and they are made to last much longer. In short, the life of the filling is related to the oral care of the person.

What is Inlay and Onlay?

Inlays and onlays are a solution between fillings and crowns. Inlays or onlays are used in cases where there is not enough tooth structure to support the filling and the tooth is not damaged enough to be covered with a crown. Compared to inlays, onlays cover a larger area. The life of the inlay or onlay depends on the material it is made of, the condition of the tooth it is in, chewing forces, and how much attention the patient pays to oral hygiene. They usually used in a healthy way for decades. The maintenance of inlays and onlays only requires regular oral care, which includes brushing, flossing and regular dental visits.

How is Inlay and Onlay Done?

Since inlays and onlays are prepared in the laboratory, the treatment takes two or three sessions. At the first appointment, the caries is cleaned and the measurement of the prepared tooth and surrounding teeth is done. The tooth is closed with a temporary filling material. The measurement is sent to the laboratory. In the second appointment, the temporary filling is removed. The inlay or onlay is rehearsed and polished and adhered to the tooth using a special adhesive. The closure is precisely adjusted and polished by the dentist.